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70% of people with diabetes in Vietnam have not been diagnosed

Those are the statistics given at the Community Day with the theme “Family acting together early to prevent and control diabetes”, coordinated by the Ministry of Health, the Vietnam Young Physicians’ Association. related events held at the August Revolution Square (Hanoi City) this morning, 11-11-2018. 

Diabetes (also known as diabetes) is tending to be younger and have unpredictable developments. When feeling nausea, thirst, numb limbs, slow healing wounds, … young people need to take the initiative to immediately go to a medical facility for examination, because these may be signs of diabetes.

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What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus (also known as diabetes) is a heterogeneous metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood sugar levels in the body. The cause is often due to unstable insulin levels in the body (maybe deficient or even excess). If you have diabetes, and you control your blood sugar and regularly monitor it well, then surely your sugar level is within a safe range, almost like a normal person.

Based on the characteristics and course of the disease, there are two types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, secondary diabetes and gestational diabetes.

Warning signs of diabetes?

Most of the early symptoms of diabetes are higher than normal blood glucose levels. The warning signs of diabetes can range from very mild to no symptoms at all. Some people don’t realize they have a serious illness or complications before they find out.

  1. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

The disease progresses very quickly, with symptoms often occurring rapidly over several days or weeks. Usually there is a typical 4-many syndrome.

Hunger and fatigue: Your body converts the food you eat into glucose that your cells use for energy. But your cells need insulin to absorb glucose. If your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin, or if your cells are resistant to the insulin your body makes, glucose can’t get into them and you don’t have energy. This can make you hungrier and more tired than usual.

Urinating more often and thirstier: The average person has to urinate four to seven times in 24 hours, but people with diabetes due to high blood sugar can go many times more than usual. Why is it like that? Normally your body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes pushes your blood sugar high, your kidneys may not be able to bring it all back. This causes the body to make more urine and to lose water. The result: You’ll have to go more often. You can also go out more. Because you pee a lot, you may be very thirsty. As you drink more, you will also urinate more.

Dry mouth, extreme thirst, and itchy skin: Because your body is using fluids to urinate, there’s less moisture for other things. You may become dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can make you itchy.

Weight loss: Although the patient eats a lot, he loses a lot of weight.

Reduced vision: Changes in the fluid levels in your body can cause the lenses in your eyes to swell, causing blurred vision and reduced vision.

      2. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

In type 2 diabetes, patients progress very silently, even without symptoms, without aggressive symptoms like type 1 diabetes. You may have been diagnosed with diabetes because you went to the doctor for another condition by accidentally testing your blood glucose, or because of other complications, such as an infected wound that is difficult to heal. In general, the person may never feel the obvious warning signs. Diabetes mellitus can develop over many years, and the warning signs can be difficult to diagnose. Some signs are:

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Yeast infections: Both men and women with diabetes can get these. Yeast eats glucose, so having plenty around makes it thrive. Infection can develop in any warm, moist fold of skin, including: between fingers and toes, under breasts, in or around the genitals.

Slow-healing sores or cuts: Over time, high blood sugar can affect your blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it difficult for your body to heal. Pain or numbness in your legs or feet your. This is another result of nerve damage.

     3. Symptoms of gestational diabetes

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High blood sugar during pregnancy often has no symptoms. You may feel a little thirstier than usual or have to urinate more often. Usually detectable mainly on 3-segment glucose test at 28 weeks gestation.

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